Sweetness has always been the peculiarity of music, but a heavy, deep, & intense sound is imperative to seize the real meaning of music, which the Sarod is well-known for.

Sarod or Sarode is one of the most admired and famed instruments for classical music of India. It is a fretless instrument which produces unceasing slides between the notes, known as Meend (glissando), like almost all other Indian instruments.


Amjad Ali Khan’s


The ‘Sarod’ originates from the 7th century CE with the inception of ‘Rabab’. Rabab originated from central Afghanistan and is mentioned in old Persian books and Sufi poems. At that time, Rabab was more like a bow-like instrument.

 The word ‘Sarod’ means ‘Beautiful Song’ in Persian.

The story begins in the mid-1700s, when Amjad Ali Khan’s ancestor Mohammad Hashmi Khan Bangash, a musician and horse trader, came to India (Kashmir) with the Afghan Rebab and became a court musician to the Maharajah of Rewa. His grandson, Ghulam Ali Khan Bangash, who became a court musician in Gwalior, converted the Rabab into the Sarod.

In the 13th Century, the Rabab was reformed by Amir Khusru.

According to Dr. Lalmani Misra, “Sarod is the mixture of the ancient Chitra Veena, the medieval Rabab and modern Sursingar”

In the 20th century, Allauddin Khan, a multi-instrumentalist, and Pt. Ravi Shankar’s Guru, gave it a final shape with a modern touch.

Present Scenario

Today, Sarod is being played by maestro Amjad Ali Khan, who is renowned Indian Classical Musician worldwide with his two sons Amaan Ali Khan and Ayaan Ali Khan. Their motive is to escalate harmony and love in the world through music.

According to him,“There is no essential difference between classical and popular music. Music is music. I want to communicate with the listener who finds Indian classical music remote.”

He considers Sarod as a conventional and purest form of music because it is not based on text and lyrics unlike Bhajan or Kirtan. Even across the globe, the interest in Classical music has been rising. People still listen to Rabab and preserving culture and tradition of the country.

Shilpa Kohli